Ayurveda, which literally translates to “knowledge of life,” is a complex system of medicine that originated in Vedic India more than 5000 years ago. It’s believed to be the oldest surviving medical system in the world.
The three doshas play an integral role and are considered the backbone of Ayurveda. It’s holistic and life-enriching, but understanding the Ayurveda doshas can be challenging for new practitioners.
We’re on hand to help. Continue reading for our comprehensive Ayurveda doshas guide.
Ayurvedic medicine’s primary concern is achieving balance. It’s considered to be a personalized and preventative system of medicine, as opposed to being general and reactive. To understand how to create balance in body and mind, Ayurveda takes a closer look at each person’s three fundamental life energies, or doshas.
“Dosha” is Sanskrit derived from the word “Dush,” which means darken, decay, or spoil. This implies that these three energies, when imbalanced, can cause health problems.
The three doshas, known as “Vata,” “Pitta,” and “Kapha,” are considered to be responsible for a person’s physiological, mental, and emotional health. These three biological principles constitute the structural and functional aspects of the entire body’s living cells, tissues, and organs. In Ayurveda, the doshas are born of the five great elements, or “pancha maha bhutas,” that make up the world; Space, water, earth, fire, and air.
Doshas in an aggravated state can cause disease on both a physical and mental level. The symptoms typically depend on which of the three biological principles are imbalanced.
An Ayurvedic consultation can help people discover their unique constitution, and understand how to balance their doshas for improved mental and physical health.
Each person has a different ratio of doshas that will affect their body type, health, and personality. Usually, one dosha is dominant. Let’s take a closer look at each of the three energies.
Translated as “wind,” a Vata constituency comprises the biological combination of space and air. Its qualities include dryness, cold, light, movement, quick, irregular, rough, unstable, and subtle.
Responsible for the functioning of the nervous system, Vata is seen as the master key for all the body’s operations. Movement and energy depend on it.
A person with Vata as their dominant dosha will often be moving, adaptable, and energetic. They are typically thin and light-framed, with thin hair, and cold hands and feet. A Vata mind can learn things quickly but is also prone to forget.
They are friendly, spontaneous, active, adaptable, creative, positive, and good communicators with their Vata in balance.
However, if their Vata is aggravated, it can manifest as weakness, insecurity, anxiety, insomnia, constipation, forgetfulness, confusion, and a lack of coordination between body and mind.
Often translated as “heat” or “fire,” a Pitta constituency is composed chiefly of the fire element and a little water. The structures and functions of Pitta have qualities like liquid fire or acid. Its qualities are hot, moist, pungent, intense, sharp, and penetrating.
The dosha of Pitta controls the heat, metabolism, and transformation in the body and mind. It’s crucial to managing the essential digestive fire of the body.
A person with Pitta as their dominant dosha may be warm-blooded, with an athletic build and smooth skin. They put on weight quickly but can lose it just as fast. They can be fiery but are often brave, intellectual, and ambitious.
With Pitta in balance, they have good circulation, are bright, funny, passionate, self-confident, purposeful, inspiring, and full of vitality. With excessive Pitta, they can be impatient, judgmental, aggressive, impulsive, and angry. If they consume too much alcohol or spicy food, they are prone to suffering from liver problems, inflammation, heartburn, and diarrhea.
Often translated as “that which binds things,” Kapha is a biological combination of the two heaviest elements; earth and water. Its qualities are similar to that of mud. It’s smooth, heavy, sweet, stable, dense, slow, soft, and wet.
This dosha is vital for cohesion, stability, and energy storage. It gives compactness to the body and is crucial to the development and balance of different types of tissues. Kapha is responsible for supporting and protecting.
A person with Kapha dominating will have a robust frame. They are more likely to have a radiant complexion with smooth skin, big eyes, and thick hair. They can be slow, sweet, peaceful, and pleasant company.
With their Kapha in balance, they are gentle, meditative, sincere, calm, compassionate, forgiving, and loving. Unbalanced, they can be greedy, attached, and lethargic. They are also prone to overeating.
Ayurveda is a very individualized system of health, and a treatment plan for one person will not work for someone else. Yet no matter what dosha is dominating, diet and lifestyle are vital for maintaining balance in the body and mind.
Each body type has different needs, and, depending on your disposition of doshas, specific ingredients and activities will be helpful, while other Ayurveda doshas tips may be harmful.
By understanding your own dosha, you can follow a daily routine that will help you achieve balance. Your diet, bedtime, activities, and other beneficial practices can be incorporated into your routine. This will lead to an improvement in physical and mental health.
Ayurveda is a science that works to prevent disease and maintain health. There are many complex treatment approaches, and specialists will dedicate years to understanding how they are best applied. Panchakarma treatment is an excellent way to revitalize the body and balance the doshas.
According to Ayurveda, good health is crucial for our physical and spiritual evolution. Balancing your doshas will ensure equilibrium and good health. Meanwhile, failing to pay attention to any imbalance of the doshas will lead to poor health and disease.
Did you enjoy this article about Ayurveda doshas? This ancient knowledge can truly benefit your life. Contact ayurvedic clinic in Melbourne to book an appointment and learn more.