Panchakarma is a stand-alone Rejuvenation and Detoxification treatment. But for the same reason, It is also under Shodhana (a class of deep and thorough cleansing procedures).
According to ancient ayurvedic text Ashtanga Hridaya,
‘it leads to clarity of intellect, power to the organs, elemental stability and glow to digestive fire and delays ageing process.’
Pancha means ‘five’ and karma means ‘action’. So, it can be defined as the therapeutic measures that bring about the (result) action.
As its name suggests the process comprises of five cleansing or therapeutic procedures. On the whole they are applicable to cleanse the excessive turbulent morbid factors from the body. Also, each correcting doshic imbalances.
According to Charaka, father of Indian medicine, panchakarmas are
- Vamana- Drug induced emetic process especially for Kapha imbalances
- Virechana- Induced purgation for specifically for Pitta imbalances
- Asthapana vasthi- Decotive enema for vata imbalances
- Anuvasana vasthi- Unctuous enema for vata imbalances
- Nasya- Nasal cleaning through the application of medicated oils or powders.
Pre procedure measures.
Markedly three pre procedure measures are pachana (digestives), snehana (oleation) and swedana (fomentation).
Major procedures and they are
Post procedure measures
Three post operative procedures are:
Vamana Karma, most importantly, is targeted to expel the vitiated kapha doshas. Then again, the main seat of kapha is chest region.
Vamana expels the morbidity through mouth (channel carrying upwards). As a matter of fact, mouth is the nearest route of expulsion for kapha doshas.
Virechana is very important because it eliminate the morbidity downwards through anus (rectum). With this intention, it is the measure of choice for pitta imbalances.
Virechana is basically medicated purgation therapy. It cleanses the body from excess pitta accumulation, purifying blood and clearing toxins. All things considered, this therapy mainly concentrates on the toxins in the liver and gall bladder. As a result, cleansing the gastro-intestinal tract completely.
In Pancha karma, the Vasti undoubtedly plays a major role and it guarantees to relax vata disorders. It so has the power to remove toxins from human body. Both anus and vaginal canal are the body parts to apply Vasti. Use of medicated liquids and oils in vasti not only removes toxin from the body but also stop dosha vitiations.
To enumerate, mainly there are three types of vasti such as:
Niruha or Asthapana vasti (decotive enema),
Anuvasana vasti or Sneha vasti (unctuous enema) and
Uttara vasti (enema introduced to vaginal canal).
Vasti facilitates the collection of the morbidity from various parts of the body by draining them from their original locality to the GIT, to be expelled.
The drugs including medicated oils or powders are being administered through the nose is Nasya. Nasya is also known as Shirovirechana.
It is an important detoxification procedure employed for the disorders of head and neck. It is said to pervade into the system indeed through the nostrils and evacuate morbidity completely. Emphatically, it is beneficial for all the diseases related to head and neck.
Charaka, the main contributor of ayurveda explains about the advantages of ayurveda panchakarma therapy. The detoxification therapies would evacuate the vitiated doshas from the gut in particular. To sum up, the benefits of panchakarma therapies are
• Evacuate the vitiated doshas from the gastro intestinal tract
• Promote the digestive capacity
• Relieve the diseases and restore the health
• Improve the functioning of senses
• Improves the functioning of mind and intellect
• Improves complexion, strength, nourishment, progeny and virility
• Postpone the premature aging
• Enhance the life span without afflictions of disease
Ayurveda detoxification therapy is a complete eradication of the diseases and affords the permanent cure. Evidently, Ayurveda panchakarma is applicable to healthy people also to improve and promote health. All things considered, Panchakarma has a major role for the therapeutic management of systemic disorders appropriately.
Ayurveda, from time immemorial, focus on anti-aging and rejuvenation programs. Thereupon, prevents diseases and helps in maintainong an optimum healthy state.
On the contrary in today’s world, curative therapies are increasingly replacing preventive ones. Needless to say, Panchakarma is one of the more extreme therapeutic example on the Ayurvedic menu.